What is education policy?
Education policy can be regarded as principles and government policy-making in the educational sphere. It includes the collection of laws and rules that govern the operation of education systems. Education policy may address problems with higher education.
Why is education policy important?
These are rules that are intended to help schools teach students efficiently, in a fair way and safely. These rules determine how students are taught, what they are taught and how schools manage students and school personnel.
An education policy can impact a child’s future (such as those relating to suspension and expulsion), while other policies relate to issues of safety or equality.
Education policy helps to protect the interests of all students, teachers and education institutions. It provides a strict guideline for how schools should deal with complex social issues within the education environment.
In South Africa, the Department of Basic Education provides policies in four tiers:
- Access to schools
- School management
- School funding
- Curriculum and Assessment
There are various policies such as:
- National Education Information Policy
- Language in Education Policy
- Policy on learner attendance
- Integrated School health Policy
Education policy isn’t designed to be static. It’s a dynamic system that changes according to changing laws and regulations.
A sub-division of education policy, is that of education policy reform. It is the name given to the goal of changing public education. It is based on the idea that small changes in education will have large social returns in citizen health, wealth and wellbeing.
According to Harvard Graduate School of Education:
“To be a transformative leader in education reform, you need to merge an in-depth knowledge of education policy with proven best practices in organisational management.”
Some research is intended to reform education policy and this process doesn’t happen overnight.